keywordsBDigital Global Congress 2010
Michio Kaku predicts in the BDigital Global Congess a revolution towards a completely digital society
Date: Wed, 05/26/2010 - 18:02
The congress, celebrated from May 17 to 20 in the CaixaForum Barcelona, is organized by Barcelona Digital Technology Center
The BDigital Global Congress has started its 12th edition program of sessions with the conference magisterial, Dr. Michio Kaku, professor of Theoretical Physics and expert in trends of the future. Considered a celebrity in the world of physics, Kaku approaches the future interconnectedness between human beings and the Internet, and stipulates that during the 20´s of this new century, we will live a technological revolution that will shake the way in which we live, work, and relate to other people. According to the scientist, computers, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, and telecommunications will completely change our current surroundings.
Under the title, “The Internet of the future”, Michio Kaku has presented through images and video, a summary of the emerging technologies that will move current society towards that of one completely technology-based. Although appearing to be something taken from Star Trek or Blade Runner, Kaku has predicted in the BDigital Global Congress that microchips will cost one cent and will be inserted into any object from our daily lives, from a piece of clothing to a pen. Furthermore, the chips will be introduced into our bodies to enable the regeneration of vital organs and the early detection of cancer years before turning into a malignant tumor.
In regards to the evolution of the Internet, Kaku predicts a total interconnection to the Web that will be a Mega-world of facts, for example, a kind of magic mirror that we will be able to ask whatever question and obtain a valid answer. Kaku points out that we will live connected to computers in a direct way and he uses contact lenses as an example of this. These plastic or glass capsules that we put in our eyes will have internet connection, allowing us to identify the people to whom we are speaking with and to even see subtitles if they speak another language. All of this technological progress will also affect the automobile industry, according to Michio Kaku, given that cars will have an auto-driven pilot through the use of the Internet.
Michio Kaku, who has held the position of the Henry Semat Chair and Professorship of Theoretical Physics at New York University for 30 years, is internationally known for his work on theoretical physics and his predictions of the future based on interviews with over 300 international scientists. Besides being an eminent figure in his field, the Japanese physicist is currently an active scientific divulger and one of the most well-known in the world.
The inaugural ceremony also has had the presence of Jordi Bosch, Secretary of Telecommunications and the Information Society of the Catalonian Government; Jordi William Carnes, third deputy mayor of the Department of Treasury for the Barcelona City Council; and Antoni Massanell, President of Barcelona Digital Technology Center.
A greater innovation marketing is necessary in Europe
I+D technology is considered a competitive advantage for countries nowadays and universities are evermore receiving greater pressure to achieve having an economic impact. Karl Koster, Executive Director of the Corporate Relations Office of the Industry Links Program with the prestigious Massachusetts Institute of Technology, has reinforced this idea in the second day of the BDigital Global Congress that is taking place until May 20 in the CaixaForum of Barcelona Until now, the relationship between company and university has not been sufficiently clear. According to Koster, it is necessary to increase the effort in making possible the communication between the university and governmental or private environments and to formalize a framework that will facilitate this relation. Companies are more and more conscience of the importance of looking ahead of their own I+D laboratories by learning and watching as a third party, and for this, some are turning to MIT.
In Europe there is what is known as the “European paradox” since innovation does not achieve impacting or transferring the company to society. The lack of universities with income for patents and the relatively low mobility of European workers are some of the factors that influence the flow of innovation and its commercialization.
According to Koster, Japan is an example of promotion and innovation in the universities where public investment in this area has increased. Since having become independent, the universities have introduced policies of technological transfer and offices for the commercialization of the advancements that are being completed by the university itself.
India is a relatively new phenomenon and the government is starting to regulate the regimens of intellectual ownership and inversion in I+D. On China´s part, they are currently debating the role of the university in the commercialization of innovation.
Charles Cooney, Professor of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering of the Deshpande Center, has highlighted the necessity to connect the innovations of I+D centers with the market and society by means of the support of the university. In this sense, Cooney insists on the management of impact risks and probabilities of an idea, keeping in mind each of the principal actors for the development of a new applied technology: research investigators, academics, mentors, and capital risk investors.
The second session of the day has centered on “Technological transfer and company innovation”. Laura Dingwall, member of the ILP and of the Regional Competitiveness group within the Highlands & Islands Enterprise has given a rundown on how they have transferred the experience of MIT to Scotland. The mentoring, coaching, and networking programs of growth and development for entrepreneurs as well as workshops on sector acceleration, among many others, have facilitated the growth process of innovation and technologic transfer in this region. Jan Annerstedt, Professor at the Copenhagen Business School has focused on how innovation within a company has evolved by analyzing the case studies of company leaders like Nokia and Apple.
To finish the session, José Eduardo Fiates, Innovation Director of the CERTI Foundation, has explained how they have developed an ecosystem to promote innovation and entrepreneurship on the island of Santa Catarina (Brasil). After a process of innovation learnt from Standford, MIT, and Barcelona, as well as after the creation of its first university in the 60´s, the region now has more than 450 technology-based companies and has become one of the most dynamic areas of the world in an exceptional surrounding for the promotion and commercialization of innovation.
The third session of the day has highlighted the role of science and technology parks serving as drivers of the economy and has detailed the challenges that Catalunya has in this area. The session has analyzed the importance of guaranteeing the technological transfer between Catalan companies and the creation of spin-off companies from the technology centers in Catalunya. As an example, Miquel Barceló, President of the B_TEC Foundation, has evaluated the contribution of the 22@Barcelona district as well as the scientific and technology campus of Diagonal Besòs as models to follow. Karl Koster has ended the MIT-ILP workshop with an invitation to fortify the relationships between companies in whatever part of the world and to create a web of global networking.
The future of Cloud Computing depends on the clarity of providers in order to increase the confidence of users
The European Union (EU) has targeted a short-term initiative that involves the European citizen being able to access their medical history from within the borders of whichever country. However for this to occur, it is necessary that Cloud Computing technology overcomes the current obstacles regarding the sharing of critical personal facts: lack of security and loss of privacy. This has been articulated, during a session on the third day of the BDigital Global Congress, led by Daniel Cattedu (ENISA), Jim Reaves (CSA-Cloud Service Security Alliance), Tomás Iglesias (HP Enterprise Services), Adriano Galano (Fujitsu) and Juan Miguel Velasco (Telefónica Spain), who discussed diverse initiatives in regards to finding a solution to the notable challenges facing Cloud Computing.
Although Cloud Computing appears to be the technology that will revolutionize ICT´s over the coming years, Cattedu has stated that it needs to clearly be presented by the providing companies in order to guarantee its development and use with full confidence from governments, companies, and general citizens. As an example, Cattedu has summarized the experience of the European Security Agency in the ENISA Network: “Cloud Computing will be indispensable in the future and we encourage European governments to adopt this technology so that Europe will be placed as leader in Cloud Computing at the level of the United States, Japan, Australia, and Singapore”.
Jim Reaves on his part has placed an emphasis on the need to protect the critical personal information facing the thousands of threats that trouble the computer system. At the same time, he has alerted providing companies of the Cloud Computing services that they will suffer more and more hacker attacks. “These are the only difficulties that could stop the development of Cloud Computing”, he points out. The solution to these threats is to establish a new legislative framework on the governments’ part that increases Internet security, as well as to create guarantee certificates for providing companies of Cloud Computing that are granted by accredited institutions.
The difficulties confronting Cloud Computing are also a suitable framework for business opportunities. Carlos Fragoso (CESIC) has predicted in the BDigital Global Congress the creation of numerous interim companies that will offer forensic services to analyze the theft of critical data by third parties who use the Web for their criminal activities.