Global partners join forces at Davos to connect the unconnected by 2020
Date: Thu, 01/28/2016 - 12:19 Source: ITU
ITU Secretary-General Houlin Zhao, who serves as co-Vice Chair of the Broadband Commission alongside Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO
image credited to the ITU
The session was part of the Commission’s efforts to build momentum and reach out to world leaders to push the issue of broadband connectivity to the top of the global agenda. It is the first time that so many world leaders have affirmed the vital importance of broadband to national growth and coalesced around a common broadband vision.
The session welcomed not just leading figures from the Broadband Commission, but prominent leaders from across government, industry and the finance sector, including the World Bank. They participated in a lively debate around investment challenges linked to building out broadband infrastructure in underserved communities.
A new Discussion Paper developed by ITU as a contribution to the work of the Commission presented at the session estimates that it will take global investment of USD 450 billion in network infrastructure to connect the next 1.5 billion unconnected people worldwide.
The paper looks at key reasons for lack of connectivity, identified as lack of infrastructure, lack of affordable services, lack of online skills, and lack of suitable digital content. The paper’s global broadband connectivity cost estimate is based on the Broadband Commission’s own research combined with recent studies undertaken by governmental bodies such as the European Commission, global organizations including the World Bank, and industry bodies such as the GSMA, which represents many of the world’s mobile operators. The paper is open for comment from expert stakeholders, who are invited to send their contributions to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The session culminated in the release of a Joint Statement by the group entitled Working Together to Provide Internet Access to the Next 1.5 billion by 2020. The statement notes that only 3.2 billion people are currently online, while 4.2 billion people remain offline. In the 48 UN-designated Least Developed Countries, Internet penetration is less than 10%, falling to under 2% in six of the world’s most disadvantaged nations.
The Joint Statement pledges a concerted global effort to connect 60% of the world’s people to the Internet by the year 2020, in line withITU’s Connect 2020 Agenda agreed by the organization’s 193 Member States in 2014.
It also stresses the importance of striving for meaningful access, so that all those connected can take full advantage of the power of the online world. At present, the statement notes, only 5% of the world’s languages are represented online, an estimated 781 million adults are illiterate, and 100 million children have not had access to complete primary education – creating large pockets of the ‘digitally excluded’.
The 2015 edition of the Broadband Commission’s State of Broadband report confirms that global Internet roll-out is failing to reach those who could benefit most, with Internet access reaching near-saturation in the world’s rich nations but not advancing fast enough to benefit billions of people living in the developing world – especially in rural and remote areas.
“The UN Sustainable Development Goals remind us that global development should be measured by the number of people being left behind,” said ITU Secretary-General Houlin Zhao, who serves as co-Vice Chair of the Broadband Commission alongside Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO. “Market forces have been sufficient to connect the world’s wealthier nations, where a strong business case for network investment can easily be made. Our big challenge now is to find fast and effective ways of connecting the next 1.5 billion people, who still lack the benefits of Internet connectivity, by 2020, and this will be the key focus of the Broadband Commission going forward.”